1859 - Future Filipino revolutionary leader Juan Faller Climaco is born in Cebu City; Climaco, who will be orphaned in his adolescence and will inherit his parents' riches and businesses, will join the Philippine Revolution against Spain following the arrival of the followers of Katipunan Supremo Andres Bonifacio (Gil Domingo and Hermogenes Plata) in Cebu on a mission to enlist the Cebuanos' support for continued Filipino resistance against Spain; Climaco, who will take up the cudgels of revolutionary leadership in Cebu along with Arcadio Maxilom following the traitorous death of Pantaleon Villegas, will be noted for the letter he will pen in behalf of Cebuano revolutionaries during the subsequent Filipino-American War (1899-1914)and defiantly addressed to the imperialist United States Congress which will conclude: "We further express to you that we gladly accept the temporary protection of your country, but as to its sovereignty, never."
1941 - The Japanese attacks Jolo, Sulu island
in the southern part of the American colony in Southeast Asia, the
Philippines, during the Second World War; the entire province of Sulu,
which is important as staging area for the Japanese invasion of North
Borneo, succumbed to the forces of Asia's giant; owing to the corollary
brutality of the Japanese who will initially execute Chinese residents
of Jolo in retaliation for their support for Chinese resistance
against the Japanese invasion in China, a number of fragmented secret
armed groups will be organized until a Tausug, Abdulrahim Imao, founds a guerrilla outfit that will form the nucleus of effective guerilla resistance against the Japanese.
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