Tuesday, November 29, 2011


Hen. Luciano San Miguel
1898 - The Filipino representatives of the Malolos Congress approve the Constitution of the fledgling  Philippine Republic more than five months after Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy declared the Independence of  the Southeast Asian nation but three months after the infamous Mock Battle of Manila in which the United  States colluded with Spain in falsely making it  appear that the Americans, instead of the Filipinos,  were the ones who overcame the colonial Spaniards  in the islands; the Malolos Constitution is noted for  its provision separating the church and state and  for recognizing the equality of all forms of worship.

1899 - One year and nearly ten months into the  protracted Filipino-American War (1899-1914),  imperialist military officer Arthur. MaArthur reports from Bayambang,  Pangasinan as to Col. J. Franklin Bell's encounter  with the Filipino freedom fighters led by Generals Luciano San Miguel and Jose Alejandrino; the series of battles occurred in a mountain west of Mangatarem, with  the native forces forced to scatter and the  pale-skinned enemy invaders being able to capture  all all their quick-firing and Krupp guns,  ammunition, powder factory and arsenal, with  thousands of pounds of lead and sheet copper, all  their transportation, engineering tools, clothing,  and food supplies; Bayambang, Pangasinan would be the last seat of the Philippine Republic that Aguinaldo left on  November 13 in his march towards Isabela; days earlier, the towns of Vigan in Ilocos Sur and Bayombong in Nueva Ecija have fallen to the vile imperialist Bald Eagle forces.

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