1777 - A colonial Spanish decree recommends than an institution for confining vagrants and dissolute persons be established in the Philippines, some 200 years into Spain's colonization of the Southeast Asian archipelago; around 69 years later, colonial Spain would issue an anti-vagrancy law that would include the one-month employment of the idlers in public works before being sent back to their hometowns.
1935 - The American colonial-era Commonwealth of the Philippine is inaugurated with Manuel L. Quezon as President of the Philippines and Sergio Osmeña, Sr., as Vice-President; Quezon prevailed over presidential rival Emilio F. Aguinaldo, the former being the ayuda-de-campo of the latter during the Philippine-American War (1899-1914), apparently over the issue of Aguinaldo's power grab from, and execution of, the original leader of the Philippine Revolution,
Andres Bonifacio y de Castro; prior to the inauguration, the
Philippines had an insular colonial government, a kind of territorial
colonial government that reported to the United State Bureau of Insular Affairs beginning about 1901 when the imperialist Americans began to establish themselves into the islands but the Filipino-American War still raging, mostly guerrilla-style from the end of the Filipino freedom fighters.
Photo credit: http://www.senate.gov.ph/about/history.asp