1919 - The Philippine Legislature during the American colonial period passes a Declaration of Purposes officially setting forth the position of the Filipino people on this vital problem. " The Philippine question, " said the representatives of the Filipino people, " has reached such a stage that a full and final exchange of views between the United States of America and the Philippine Islands has become necessary. We need not repeat the declarations respecting the national aspirations of the Filipino people.
1876 - Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone, beating a similar claim made by Elisha Gray by a mere two hours; his Bell Company will emerge as the massive American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) and form the foundation of the modern telecommunications industry.
1965 - State troopers and volunteer officers in the southern US state of Alabama break up a civil rights demonstration in protest of discriminatory voting practices against black Americans; after "Bloody Sunday," Dr. Martin Luther King will organize two more protest marches and by August 1965, American President Lyndon B Johnson will sign a new Voting Rights Act outlawing discrimination based on race or skin color.
1969 - Golda Meir becomes Israel's first female Prime Minister; a long-time foreign minister before emerging as compromise candidate, the septuagenarian politician will later win the general election in October of the same year.