Monday, March 15, 2010


1899 - Philippine Gen. Mariano Trias submits to President Aguinaldo the report of the Commission of Investigation on the incident at San Juan Bridge on February 4, 1899, [concluding that]  the Americans were the first to fire and that their attack had been premeditated; the United States went to war based on a false claim that Filipinos began attacking American soldiers in Manila [as] historians would later discover a “prearranged plan” by the U.S. military to precipitate [the Philippine-American War] as soon as an incident was provoked.

44 BC - Gaius Julius Caesar, dictator of Rome, is stabbed to death in the Roman Senate house by 60 conspirators led by Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus; Caesar has enlarged the Roman empire and launched grand reform programs but the conspirators (erroneously) believe that his death would restore the Roman Republic.

1939 - At nightfall, Hungary begins to occupy Carpatho-Ukraine and will annex it following heavy fighting with the inhabitants who had only hours earlier actually declared the independence of the nation from Czechoslovakia; the Nazi Occupation of Hungary in 1944 and subsequent crossing of Soviet troops into Czech territory during World War II will lead to the proclamation of  the "will of the Ukrainian people" to join Soviet Ukraine.

1981 - Pakistan Airways jet hostages are released after having been hostaged for nearly two weeks by the Al Zulfikar group which wants to oust General Zia ul-Haq; the hijackers are said to be in cahoots with the son of former leader Zulfikar Ali Bhutto who was ousted in a coup by ul-Haq four years ago and then executed for a supposed murder of a political opponent.

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