Monday, March 22, 2010


1897 - The controversial Tejeros Convention elects the new officers of the Philippine revolutionary government, with Andres Bonifacio, head of the Katipunan, the original revolutionary body fighting the colonial Spaniards, being elected Interior Director and Emilio Aguinaldo, the President; Bonifacio, who has been lured into Cavite so he can supposedly unite the Magdalo and Magdiwang factions of the province, will soon issue Acta de Tejeros declaring the corrupt elections invalid, but unfortunately, he will be caught by Aguinaldo's forces before reaching Manila.

1945 - The Arab League, a regional organization based in Cairo, Egypt, is formed with the original aims of strengthening and coordinating political, cultural, economic, and social programs and to mediate disputes, but will later add the aim of providing for coordinated military defense; the original members are Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Jordan (formerly Transjordan, Saudi Arabia, and, as well, Yemen.

1956 -  Civil rights leader Rev. Martin Luther King is convicted of organising an illegal boycott by black passengers of buses in the US state of Alabama; jailed many times for his Mahatma Gandhi-inspired non-violent method of campaigning for the equal rights of black Americans throughout the 1950s and 1960s, the Nobel Peace Prize winner will later be assassinated.

1963 - Marchers demonstrate in Seoul, South Korea against ruling junta leader Pak's statement of March 16 in which he withdrew his promise of elections to a new  government, claiming the necessity of four more years of military government; Pak's government will later relent and will hold elections in the fall to effect an interim military-civilian coalition government.

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