1896 - The Supreme Council of the Kataastaasan Kagalang-galang na Katipunan nang manga Anak nang Bayan (KKK), the secret revolutionary movement in the Philippines aiming to overthrow Spanish colonial rule, decides to elevate Balangay Nagbangon, its branch in the town of Pasig, to the status of a Sangguniang Bayan (Sb.) and to create a new one under its jurisdiction, Balangay Pinaglabanan, with the newly elected officers of the two units immediately taking their oaths-of-office; according to the United States Library of Congress, the KKK "insinuated itself into the community by setting up mutual aid societies and education for the poor [and by] 1896, the Katipunan had over 30,000 members and functioned at the national, provincial, and municipal levels."
1951 - The United States completes a draft of a peace treaty with Japan, communicating ito to the Soviet Union and 13 other cobelligerent powers; during World War II that lasted until 1945 when the US dropped two atomic bombs on Japan, the East Asian country was one of the Axis powers defeated by the Allied forces.
1966 - The 23rd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union starts, with the Chinese Communists not only rejecting the invitation to attend but also attacking Soviet policies; the USSR-China relations have been on a falling off course following Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev's rebuff of Chinese call insisting for it to have a special place in the socialist world, maintaining instead that all Communist countries should be equal.
1973 - The last American troops leave South Vietnam, leaving behind an unfinished war that has deeply scarred both the Southeast Asian country and the United States; the US entered the Vietnam War beginning in the 1950s in the bid to prevent a communist takeover of South Vietnam as part of the wider Cold War strategy of containment but the ferocity of the North Vietnamese coupled with anti-War protests, led it to Vietnamize the war until the South Vietnam government eventually fell.