Thursday, June 2, 2011


Sen. Juan Sumulong y Marquez

1931 - Juan Sumulong y Marquez, dubbed the "Brains of the Opposition" during the ascendancy of the first President of the Philippine Senate and the Commonwealth [dependent territory] during the American Colonial period, Manuel L. Quezon, resigns from the Democrata party due to poor health; a revolutionary during the Philippine Revolution against Spain, Sumulong became a member of the Philippine Commission [read: imperialist American-sponsored legislative body] from 1909-1913, later becoming a senator after several previous unsuccessful candidacies;  one of the political figures opposed to the Hare-Hawes Cutting Act that grants  the United States continued sovereignty over U.S. Military Reservations in the country, Sumulong would later bitterly denounce what will be the coalition of Quezon's Partido Nacionalista and the opposition party of Sergio S. Osmena, believing that political representation should be balanced to prevent oligarchy. 

Photo credit: Wikipedia

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