Saturday, June 18, 2011


Andres Bonifacio                  -              Apolinario Mabini                 -                  Emilio Aguinaldo

1898 - Philippine President Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy issues a degree reorganizing the provinces and municipalities through the  election of Popular Assemblies, whose heads the town chiefs then [elect] the provincial councils; Apolinario Mabini y Maranan, Aguinaldo's chief adviser, sees the reorganization as the "direct link to the masses" of Aguinaldo, who over a year earlier ascended to the leadership of the Philippine Revolution against Spain by ousting and then ordering  the assassination-cum-execution of Andres Bonifacio y de Castro, Supreme President of the mass-based secret-society-turned-revolutionary-government of Kataastaasang Kagalanggalangang Katipunan nang manga Anak nang Bayan Supremo Andres Bonifacio; the decree came six days after Aguinaldo proclaimed  the country's Independence from the yoke of some three hundreds years of  Spanish colonial rule following the second phase of the Philippine Revolution marked by the return from exile  of Aguinaldo and a number of revolutionary generals who broke the peace pact they earlier forged with the enemy colonial Spaniards;  Aguinaldo had some two months earlier forged an 'alliance' with the emerging imperialist nation, the United States of America, to fight Spain after being conned into believing the  deceptive promises made by Admiral George Dewey, et al. that the Bald Eagle nation will supposedly honor the independence of the Filipinos. 

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