Saturday, October 23, 2010


1895 - Emilio Jacinto y Dizon, the so-called "brains" of the underground society batting for Philippine  Revolution against Spain, the Kagalanggalangang Katipunan nang  manga Anak nang  Bayan (KKK) , writes ¡¡  Gising na, mga tagalog!!, an essay urging the Filipinos to wake up and unite in defending the country's honor and dignity; Jacinto, secretary and  later, fiscal and a military leader of the Katipunan, calls upon his compatriots, particularly those with  honor and integrity, to be courageous in fighting  and engaging the Spaniards who have continuously enslaved and tyrannized the natives; "Gising na,  mga tagalog," which Jacinto signed "J. Aging"  instead of his usual pen name "Pingkian," is a stirring rallying call matched by oratorical rhythm.

1896 - Some two months after the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution against Spain, revolutionaries from Taal, Lemery, Calaca, and Bayungyungan in Batangas attempt to cross the Pansipit via San Nicolas; the Batangueno revolutionaries will soon  disperse after a brief skirmish with colonial forces as the defending Spanish garrison located in San  Nicolas are reinforced by colonial soldiers from  Taal.

1898 - Following a series of surrenders in the Philippines, the Spanish colonial forces in Baler, Tayabas capitulate to the Filipinos after holding off for some time the offensive of revolutionaries led by Teodorico Novico; the attack by Filipinos from Pantabangan, Carangalan, and San Jose de  Casiguran in Tayabas  (now Quezon) came more  than four months after the declaration of Philippine  Independence and two months after the infamous Mock Battle of Manila wherein the 

Filipino Freedom-Fighters
emerging  imperialist nation, the United States, and colonial  Spain falsely showed to the world that it is the who Americans, and not the Filipino, who defeated the  Spanish colonizers in the Southeast Asian  archipelago.

1899 - Eight months into the bloody and protracted  Filipino-American War (1899-1914), an army  officer of the fledgling Philippine Army in Vigan, Ilocos Sur reports the capture of enemy invading Bald Eagle soldiers and the confiscation of weapons, a medical kit and, as well, a telegraphic apparatus;  reporting to the Captain-General,  the Filipino army officer briefly narrates how they staged an ambush attack against the imperialist United States forces  in their town of Vigan. 

Photo credit: Revolutionary Army/

No comments: