suspends the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus with Proclamation No. 210 in the effort to thwart the forces of the Hukbong Mapagpalaya ng Bayan or HMB (renamed from wartime HUKBALAHAP), a communist army that helped in the liberation of the Southeast Asian country from Japan during World War II; four days earlier, Quirino's government moved to quash the backbone of Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas, the country's pro-Soviet communist party that reorganized the HMB in 1948 in the bid to resist continued American domination under the US-RP Treaty of General Relations and the Parity Amendment of the Philippine Constitution,with the arrest of 23 of its top leaders following its increasing post-war influence while advocating national independence; the validity of Proclamation No. 210 would be challenged and upheld by the Supreme Court some two years later in the Montenegro vs. Castaneda decision.
1899 - Apolinario Mabini y Maranan, Foreign Affairs Secretary of the fledgling Philipine Republic, urges the Filipino clergy to organize a Filipino National Church in a manifesto he issues while in Rosales, Pangasinan nine months into the bloody and protracted Philippine-American War (1899-1914); Mabini, earlier eased out of the position of Prime Minister by the Pedro Paterno and his elite clique, is perhaps giving support to Fr. Gregorio L. Aglipay who, a year earlier, called on the Filipino members of the (Catholic) clergy to organize themselves into a cohesive body and asked the Pope to appoint natives to the country's church hierarchy from the lowly parish priest up to the level of archbishop.
Photo credit: http://www.philippine-history.org/presidents.htm