Wednesday, October 20, 2010


1894 - Filipino revolutionary Andres Bonifacio y de  Castro presides over a meeting of directors of the underground revolutionary society Kagalanggalangang Katipunan nang  manga Anak nang  Bayan (KKK) during the Spanish colonial period, with treasurer Feliciano Jocson  presenting him a record of the collections forwarded  by the representative-directors of the Katipunan  Supreme Council then headed by Ramon Basa; Bonifacio, a self-taught orphan, is  an influential member of the who earlier  intervened to replace the first society's president before himself becoming its Supremo (leader) in 1895 and subsequently leading  the Philippine Revolution against colonial Spain beginning August 1896. 

1866 - Artemio Ricarte y Garcia , future Filipino  revolutionary general who will valiantly fight against  both the Spaniards and imperialist American  invaders, is born in Batac, Ilocos Norte; the life of  Ricarte, also known as "Vibora" (viper), will be  marked by his uncompromising principles: firstly, he refused to take his oath of office as Capt.-Gen. in Gen.  Emilio Aguinaldo's revolutionary government  that formed following the anomalous Tejeros Convention which unseated Andres Bonifacio as Supremo of the  Philippine revolutionary movement; secondly,  Ricarte never took the oath of allegiance to the  imperialist United States flag unlike Aguinaldo and most of the latter's generals following their capture or surrender during the  Filipino-American War (1899-1914); thirdly, despite his six years  of imprisonment and multiple Bald Eagle offers of  handsome compensation, Ricarte never gave his loyalty to the enemy American invaders, costing him many years of exile before returning briefly to the country in World War II before eventually dying in a foreign land in Japan).

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