Monday, January 30, 2012


Katipunan membership rites of blood compact

1894 - Andres Bonifacio  y de Castro, co-founder  and officer of the underground society  aiming to liberate the Philippines  from Spanish colonial yoke, the  Kagalanggalangang Katipunan nang  manga Anak nang  Bayan (KKK) , declares that the  organization's administrative judges should strictly adhere to and  implement regulations in the bid to  enlarge KKK membership; with  increasing Katipunan membership, Bonifacio  has thought of classifying the members  into the three grades of Katipun,  Kawal, and Bayani; the passwords for the initiation rites would be "Anak ng Bayan," "Gomburza," and "Rizal"; in 1896, the Katipunan would be officially discovered by Spanish colonial authorities and by August, Bonifacio, then the Supremo of the Katipunan, would launch the Philippine Revolution. 

Cayetano Arellano y Lonzon, Collaborator with  imperialist U.S.
1899 - Cayetano Arellano y Lonzon, delegate to the first Philippine (Malolos) Congress, traitorously collaborates with the invading imperialist United States as he accepts appointment as president of a reorganized colonial Supreme Court less than a year into the Filipino-American War (1899-1914) and while the leader of the fledgling Southeast Asian Republic, Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy, was on the run northwards as the vile and mighty Americans try to capture the latter; on the same day, collaborator Arellano is asked by the Bald Eagle invaders to prepare plans for organizing (colonial) municipal governments in the Philippines.

Photo credits:


No comments: