Monday, January 16, 2012


1671 - The "Holy Inquisition" body of the Catholic Church suspends Fray Jose de Paternina as commissary of the Holy Office for Manila for complicity in the death of Governor Diego de Salcedo; Paternina, the only Augustinian who held the office of commissary and served as from 1664-1672,  is arrested and ordered to return to Mexico to face the Inquisition tribunal but will die during the voyage; Paternina, alleged to be unprincipled and morally depraved and who held personal differences with the governor general, earlier rashly ignored the Mexican tribunal's orders to defer arrest of the governor-general until allegations were confirmed; de Salcedo died at sea while shipped off to Acapulco

1901 - Apolinario M. Mabini leads the captured officials of the Philippine Republic who are sent to exile to Guam by the invading forces of the imperialist United States of America, nearly two years into the bloody and protracted Filipino-American War (1899-1914); Mabini, Generals Artemio Ricarte, Maximo Hizon, Pio del Pilar, and Malolos Congress delegate Pablo Ocampo were among the 57 Filipino patriots who have defiantly refused to swear allegiance to the Bald Eagle flag and have openly sympathized with the continued resistance movement against the invader Americans; enemy Gen. Arthur MacArthur decreed the deportation of the revolutionary statesman Mabini, the Philippines' first Prime Minister, Gen. Ricarte and the rest and are thus punished with exile, leaving Manila aboard the the U.S. Transport Rosecrans.

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