|Gomez Perez Dasmarina|
1865 - Miguel Malvar y Carpio, future revolutionary general and patriot during the Philippine Revolution and Philippine-American War (1899-1914), is born in Barrio San Miguel, Santo Tomas, Batangas to Tiburcia Carpio and Maximo Malvar; future Gen. Malvar will join the underground-society-turned-revolutionary-government the Kataastaasan, Kagalanggalangang Katipunan nang manga Anak nang Bayan (KKK), as the Himagsikan breaks out against Spain in 1896; Katipunan Supremo Andres Bonifacio y de Castro at one point will supply Malvar's forces in Batangas with several thousand guns but in the leadership struggle between the Supremo and Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy, he will appear to eventually take the side of Aguinaldo; however, during the fight for freedom against the vile invading Bald Eagle forces, Malvar will later echo the ideas of Bonifacio (and future Prime Minister Apolinario Mabini y Maranan) as to how the revolution is also a process of internal cleansing of attitude and duty; Malvar would be known in history as one of the last generals of the First Philippine Republic to surrender to the imperialist American forces, and the de facto successor to President Aguinaldo (who will will be captured and will readily swear allegiance to the imperialist flag), taking charge as Commander-in-Chief of the Filipino army on July 13, 1901; Malvar will carry on the valiant fight for a year following Aguinaldo's fealty oath to the enemy but owing in part to the horrific reconcentration campaign waged by the enemy, will eventually surrender because according to him, his "family and friends who have been accompanying me are all sick, suffering and hungry."
1972 - Less than a week after proclaiming Martial Law, Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos issues General Order No. 12 defining the jurisdiction of military tribunals created under General Order No. 3; in effect General Order No 12 enumerates the cases where military tribunals had exclusive jurisdiction or exercise jurisdiction concurrent with civil courts; Marcos had rationalized his declaration of Martial Law with the supposed "wanton destruction of lives and property, widespread lawlessness and anarchy, and chaos and disorder" fomented by seditious communist elements.
Photo credit: http://www.retrato.com.ph/photodtl.asp?id=FP00311