Tuesday, September 27, 2011


Gomez Perez Dasmarina
1593 - Spanish Governor.-General. for the colony  Philippines, Gomez Perez Dasmarinas, writes to the  Cambodian king Prauncar (Phra Uncar) Langara,  expressing his uneasiness about the ongoing  hostility and war between the Cambodian and Siam  (Thai) kingdoms; Cambodia would lose to Siam and  the King Prauncar's royal family would be exiled  although they would later be restored to power; Spain had a few decades earlier begun colonization of islands of the Southeast Asian archipelago populated by an Austronesian race. 

1865 - Miguel Malvar y Carpio, future revolutionary  general and patriot during the Philippine Revolution  and Philippine-American War (1899-1914), is born in Barrio San  Miguel, Santo Tomas, Batangas to Tiburcia Carpio  and Maximo Malvar;  future Gen. Malvar will join the underground-society-turned-revolutionary-government the Kataastaasan, Kagalanggalangang Katipunan nang  manga Anak nang Bayan (KKK), as the Himagsikan breaks out against Spain in 1896; Katipunan Supremo Andres Bonifacio y de Castro at one point will supply Malvar's forces in Batangas with several thousand guns but in the leadership struggle between the Supremo and Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy, he will appear to eventually take the side of Aguinaldo; however, during the fight for freedom against the vile invading Bald Eagle forces, Malvar will later echo the ideas of Bonifacio (and future Prime Minister Apolinario Mabini y Maranan) as to how the revolution is also a process of internal cleansing of attitude and duty; Malvar would be known in history as one of the last generals of the First Philippine Republic to surrender to the imperialist American forces, and the de facto successor to President Aguinaldo (who will will be captured and will readily swear allegiance to the imperialist flag), taking charge as Commander-in-Chief of the Filipino army on July 13, 1901; Malvar will carry on the valiant fight for a year following Aguinaldo's fealty oath to the enemy but owing in part to the horrific reconcentration campaign waged by the enemy, will eventually surrender because according to him, his "family and friends who have been accompanying  me are all sick, suffering and hungry."  

1972 - Less than a week after proclaiming Martial  Law, Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos  issues General Order No. 12 defining the  jurisdiction of military tribunals created under  General Order No. 3; in effect General Order No 12  enumerates the cases where military tribunals had  exclusive jurisdiction or exercise jurisdiction  concurrent with civil courts; Marcos had rationalized  his declaration of Martial Law with the supposed  "wanton destruction of lives and property,  widespread lawlessness and anarchy, and chaos and  disorder" fomented by seditious communist  elements.

Photo credit: http://www.retrato.com.ph/photodtl.asp?id=FP00311

1 comment:

Anonymous said...

Bakit ang"Austronesian Race" lang? Ang aking mungkahi"Malay Race",dahil ang maraming Austronesyon ay Bansang Malayu o Malay Race =)