Taal volcano in the Philippines erupts, with "a great number of detonations" being heard at around 6 pm during the Spanish colonization of the Southeast Asian archipelago; according to the account of Catholic priest Fr. Saderra Maso, the fury of the volcanic emissions of "great masses of smoke, water, and ashes [rushing] out of the lake, high up into the air" was such that a strip of around 16.7 meters fronting the Taal convent and other areas of the beach were engulfed by water; one of the Philippine's most active volcanoes comprising the Pacific "ring of fire," the Taal Volcano complex situated between the towns to be later known as Talisay and San Nicolas in Batangas, is made up of an island in Lake Taal which, in turn, is situated within a caldera formed by an earlier, very powerful eruption.
1972 - The National Historical Institute is (NHI) created by Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos y Edralin by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 1 as a national agency tasked with promoting the Southeast Asian country's history and cultural heritage; the creation of the NHI comes following the abolition of a number of memorial and commemoration committees, including its forerunner Philippine Historical Committee (which took over the Philippine Historical Research and Markers Committee) in the effort to streamline their differing functions.
Photo credit: http://philippinebeauty.tumblr.com/page/2