Tuesday, September 6, 2011


1897 - Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo makes a proclamation stating that the Filipino revolutionary movement must adopt guerrilla  warfare--using ambuscades and offensive military operations--in order to defeat the enemy Spanish  colonial forces; the proclamation comes some four months after Aguinaldo seized the leadership  of the Philippine revolutionaries from  Kataastaasang, Kagalanggalangang Katipunan nang  manga Anak nang Bayan (KKK) Supremo Andres Bonifacio y de Castro whom he had executed on May 10 of the same year a few weeks following the anomalous elections of the Tejeros Convention and a kangaroo court martial, in what his Prime Minister, Apolinario Mabini y Maranan would later dub as "crime" and an "assassination";  in three months, Aguinaldo will forge the Pact of Biak-na-Bato, a truce (temporarily) ending the Philippine Revolution, giving amnesty to the revolutionaries, and providing monetary indemnity to Aguinaldo and his key men who will go on voluntary exile.

Enemy American invaders fire on the Filipino soldiers/freedom fighters

1900 - President Emilio Aguinaldo Y Famy of the Philippine-Republic-on-the-run arrives at Palanan, Isabela where he is enthusiastically welcomed by a large crowd and brass band, ten days after fleeing from Tierra Virgen in the bid to escape capture from the enemy invading American forces that earlier landed at Aparri, Cagayan; Aguinaldo's government had been moving northwards after the imperialist Americans had conned him into thinking the Bald Eagle nation was a revolutionary ally, and into cooperating in battling Spain and allowing US forces to freely enter the Southeast Asian archipelago; the North Americans will prove to be traitorous "allies" that would soon virtually steal the country's Independence by staging the infamous Mock Battle of Manila that falsely showed the world that it is they, instead of the Filipinos, that defeated the Spaniards in the Philippines, subsequently forging the Treaty of Paris that supposedly 'cedes' the Philippines into US hands for $20 million dollars, and eventually leading to the Filipino-American War (1899-1914) beginning February 4, 1899.

Photo credit: Filipiniana.net

No comments: