Monday, September 19, 2011


1896 - Antonio San Agustin Salazar, Filipino mason  and revolutionary and one of the Bagumbayan Martyrs  during the Spanish colonial rule, confesses that he  knows Andres Bonifacio, the founder and leader of  the revolutionary  society-turned-rebel-government   Kataastaasan, .Kagalanggalangang Katipunan nang  manga Anak nang Bayan (KKK), because  he was supposedly present  during Bonifacio's initiation into the Masonic lodge "Taliba"; Salazar would be one of the 13 so-called  Bagumbayan martyrs to be shot on January 11, 1897  during a period later described by historians as  "period of terror" when the Spanish colonial  authorities resorted to terrifying acts in the bid to  quell the Philippine Revolution that began in August  1896. 

All-American, the imperialist body Philippine Commission

1900 - One year and seven months into the bloody  and protracted Philippine-American War (1899-1914), the imperialist body Philippine Commission [translation: United States colonial commission to help colonize the Philippines] adopts a  system of civil service wherein government service  appointments are based on competitive test results.

1862 - The Spanish colonial Royal Commissary is created in the bid to conduct extensive survey of  conditions in the colony, the Philippine Islands,  particularly with regards problems concerning local  civil administration.

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