Saturday, September 10, 2011


Malolos Republic
1898 -The capital of the fledgling Philippine Republic moves from Bacoor, Cavite to Malolos, Bulacan five  months before the outbreak of the Filipino-American War (1899-1914) and a month after the  infamous Mock Battle of Manila  made it crystal clear to President Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy that his American "allies" had intended to steal and not honor Philippine Independence; that same day,  Gen. Pantaleon Garcia is provoked by American  forces reconnoitering the vicinity of Sampalok, as Aguinaldo receives a letter from Howard Bray informing him that that Gen. Merritt of the (emerging) imperialist Bald Eagle nation has supposedly intimated to him that the Filipino Revolutionary Government should occupy Visayas and Mindanao.

____ - Spanish troops under 2nd Lt. Antonio Carpio in  Aritao, Nueva Vizcaya surrender to the Filipino forces under Major Delfin Esquibel despite the Peace Protocol and the infamous Mock Battle of Manila  concluded nearly a month earlier when the Americans falsely made it appear that they were the ones that overcame--instead of the Filipino revolutionaries--the defenders of the Spanish seat of colonial power in the Philippines; the development came even as the imperialist Americans continue to move towards the occupation of the Philippines after conning Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy into militarily cooperating to fight colonial Spain, with several Bald Eagle diplomats and military officers making verbal promises of honoring Philippine Independence.

1861 - Colonial Spain issues a Royal Decree ordering  Filipino priests to relinquish their parishes to the  Recollect friars; the decree will lead to Filipinos'  discontent over racial discrimination in the clergy,  eventually resulting to the secularization movement  initially began by Spanish-Filipino Fr. Pedro S. Pelaez
(1812-1863), which was thereafter met by oppressive crackdowns by  the Spanish friars/authorities.

1967 - Fidel A. Reyes, Filipino journalist who authored the scathing El Renacimiento editorial  "Aves de Rapina" attacking the colonial American Interior Secretary, dies at the old age of 89;  appearing in the October 30, 1908 editorial of the anti-American daily, El Renacimiento, "Aves de  Rapina" criticized Dean C. Worcester for having "the characteristics of the vulture, the owl, and the vampire," referring to his alleged use of public money to finance his prospecting of gold in the Benguet  mountains for personal profit.

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