1888 - Filipino reformist and propagandist Marcelo H. Del Pilar leaves the Philippines, a Spanish colony, for Spain in order to escape persecution by the friars; later known as the "Great Propagandist," M.H. Del Pilar has been utilizing the power of the spoken and written word to to rally the Filipino masses to Spanish abuses, particularly the friars', for which reason he was ordered arrested; in Barcelona, Spain, M.H. del Pilar would become editor of the newspaper "La Solidaridad" as part of the activities of the Reform Movement geared towards stirring a propaganda war to persuade the colonial government in Madrid to carry out socio-political reforms in the Philippines.
1897 - Filipino revolutionary Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo calls field commanders to Biak-na-Bato in Bulacan to come up with a decision as to what course of action to take following Spanish authorities' refusal to institute reforms, with the "War Party" led by Gen. Mamerto Natividad electing to continue the valiant struggle for freedom; the Philippine Revolution against Spain broke out in August 1896 under the leadership of Supremo Andres Bonifacio y de Castro who would later be deposed and ordered executed ('assassinated, ' according to future memoirs of Prime Minister Apolinario Mabini y Maranan) by Aguinaldo, but not before Bonifacio expresses suspicion that the camp of Aguinaldo secretly tries to forge an agreement with the Spaniards to abandon the revolution.
Photo credit: National Historical Institute