1896 - Camilo C. de Polavieja is appointed Governor-General
of the Spanish colony the Philippines, replacing Ramon Ramón Blanco
y Erenas, some two months after the outbreak of the Filipinos'
Revolution for independence; the more liberal Blanco, who has been
ousted following the clamor of the friars over his conciliatory
attitude towards the Filipinos, contrasts with de Polavieja, a
conservative hated by the natives of another Spanish colony, the Cubans,
for his politically repressive measures while serving as Captain General; as a result of the new appointment, colonial military courts become very active
as many natives and mestizos were arrested, charged with conspiracy in
the Philippine Revolution, and executed, including patriot and
polymath Jose P. Rizal, while amnesty is published and Filipino
volunteer regiments are organized.