Monday, October 24, 2011


1874 - Rafael Palma y Velasquez, future Filipino stateman, educator, scholar, journalist, historian, and staff writer for La Independencia, the official  organ of the First Philippine Republic, is born in Tondo, Manila; Palma will join the 1898 phase of  the Philippine Revolution by joining Gen. Antonio Luna's staff for La Independencia while a law and  business student, writing about his revolutionary advocacy under the pen names Dapit Hapon, Hapon, R. P. Villa, and Robert Paul; Palma would for a time  continue to be a journalist under colonial American Occupation before pursuing a law career and  becoming a member of the imperialist body, second Philippine Commission [translation: United States colonial commission to help colonize the Philippines], and would later become the fourth president of the University of the Philippines .

1898 - The fledgling Philippine Republic officially recognizes the Burgos Institute, a secondary college for boys serving as a sort of a preparatory college founded by Enrique Mendiola,  as a state institute with the authority to provide secondary instruction, more than a month after the  opening of the Malolos Congress; five days earlier,  the Universidad Literaria de Filipinas was  established as state university offering law, medicine, pharmacy, and notary public, also in  Malolos, Bulacan where Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo's  government-on-the-run from posed-to-invading  imperialist Americans is based, less than four  months prior to the bloody and protracted Philippine-American War (1899-1914).

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