Filipino soldiers resisting imperialist United States invasion
1899 - One and one-half years into the Philippine-American War (1899-1914) and 25 months after Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy declared Philippine Independence from colonial Spain, gullibly invoking "the protection of the Powerful and Humanitarian Nation," that was supposedly the United States of America, Aguinaldo will create an Intelligence Office in Manila to collect all available data
about the invading enemy US forces for the information use of the
Philippine Army and Philippine committees abroad; exactly a year later,
on July 22, 1900, Aguinaldo will issue a proclamation declaring all Filipinos who attend the "peace" [translation: accept Bald Eagle rule or else...] festivals organized by the imperialist Americans are traitors to motherland; earlier, Aguinaldo, who became the head of the so-called second phase of the Philippine Revolution against Spain after wresting the leadership from, and thereafter eliminating, Supremo Andres Bonifacio y de Castro, stupidly entered into an "alliance" with the Americans in fighting the Spaniards in mid-1897 after believing various US military and diplomatic officials who deceptively promised him that their country will honor Philippine Independence.