Sunday, July 1, 2012


Gov-Gen Agustin   -  Gat Apolinario Mabini

1898 - Apolinario Mabini y Maranan, chief adviser of Dictator Emilio Aguinaldo, President of the fledgling Philippine Republic, requests permission to  proceed to Manila to persuade Spanish Governor-General Basilio Agustin to surrender to the  Filipinos during the second phase of the Philippine Revolution against colonial Spain; the request comes after  the Independence of the Southeast Asian archipelago was declared three weeks earlier by Aguinaldo as majority of the islands already fell under the control of the native freedom-fighters;  exactly two years later, on July 1, 1900, Aguinaldo's decree providing that the highest authority in the  Catholic Church in the Philippines be the Military Vicar General recognized by the President of the Philippine Republic becomes effective, thus regulating the exercise of ecclesiastical jurisdiction by Catholic officials; the 1900 decree is situated within the context of the precarious situation of the  Republic amidst the full-blown invasion by the imperialist United States during the bloody and what would be the protracted Filipino-American War  (1899-1914).

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