1900 - One and one-half years into the Filipino-American War (1899-1914), Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy of the fledgling Philippine Republic gathers the Palanan folks to a luncheon meeting at the town convent, reminding them of their patriotic duties in fighting the enemy imperialist United States forces; the first shots of the protracted bloody and protracted Philippine-American War were fired by an American soldier as part of a prearranged plan by the US military under President William McKinley's scheme to precipitate war and to influence the American Senate into approving the annexation [translation: invasion] of the Southeast Asian country; back in the summer of 1897, with the second phase of the Himagsikan intersecting with the Spanish-American War, Aguinaldo stupidly agreed to an alliance with the Bald Eagle forces in fighting Spain amidst the verbal assurances of a number of American military and diplomatic officials that the U.S. was an ally and would honor Philippine Independence; with Aguinaldo allowing the free entry of the future enemy American soldiers, the U.S. managed to position themselves for the infamous Mock Battle of Manila that falsely made it look like that the Americans--instead of the Filipino revolutionaries--defeated the Spaniards in the archipelago and eventually for the invasion of the Philippines that led to the Fil-Am War, America's first war of colonial expansion.
1878 - Sergio Osmena y Suico (Sr.), the future second Philippine President of the colonial Commonwealth government during the American Occupation, is born in Cebu;
Osmena, who will briefly serve in the Philippine Revolution against
Spain under Gen. Juan Climaco, and later publish the periodical "El
Nuevo Dia" for which he faced threats from the colonial authorities for
its occasional criticism of American military campaigns
in the Southeast Asian country, will serve the American colonial
government in various capacities, being elected Speaker of the
Philippine Assembly, and Senator, and Vice-President of the
Commonwealth before succeeding President Manuel L. Quezon in exile
during World War II.