____ - Spanish troops under 2nd Lt. Antonio Carpio in Aritao, Nueva Vizcaya surrender to the Filipino forces under Major Delfin Esquibel despite the Peace Protocol and the infamous Mock Battle of Manila concluded nearly a month earlier when the Americans falsely made it appear that they were the ones that overcame--instead of the Filipino revolutionaries--the defenders of the Spanish seat of colonial power in the Philippines; the development came even as the imperialist Americans continue to move towards the occupation of the Philippines after conning Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy into militarily cooperating to fight colonial Spain, with several Bald Eagle diplomats and military officers making verbal promises of honoring Philippine Independence.
1861 - Colonial Spain issues a Royal Decree ordering Filipino priests to relinquish their parishes to the Recollect friars; the decree will lead to Filipinos' discontent over racial discrimination in the clergy, eventually resulting to the secularization movement initially began by Spanish-Filipino Fr. Pedro S. Pelaez (1812-1863), which was thereafter met by oppressive crackdowns by the Spanish friars/authorities.
1967 - Fidel A. Reyes, Filipino journalist who authored the scathing El Renacimineto editorial "Aves de Rapina" attacking the colonial American Interior Secretary, dies at the old age of 89; appearing in the October 30, 1908 editorial of the anti-American daily, El Renacimiento, "Aves de Rapina" criticized Dean C. Worcester for having "the characteristics of the vulture, the owl, and the vampire," referring to his alleged use of public money to finance his prospecting of gold in the Benguet mountains for personal profit.
Photo credit: http://tetp.wordpress.com/2009/03/