Friday, September 3, 2010


Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita

1899 - The Spanish version of the Philippine National Anthem is published for the first time in the La Independencia, the periodical and official organ of the First Philippine Republic founded by Gen. Antonio Luna and with staff members that include Fernando Ma. Guerrero, Cecilio Apostol, Epifanio de los Santos, Rafael Palma, and Rosa Sevilla.

-- One year and seven months into the Philippine-American War (1899-1914), the new colonial police force established  by the American invaders which includes some Filipino revolutionaries who have elected to abandon the patriotic fight for the independence of their motherland start patrolling the city of Manila in cooperation with the provost guard.

1945 - Some two weeks after the United States dropped  atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the  commander of the Imperial Japanese Army forces in the Philippines,  Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita, also dubbed as "Tiger of  Malaya," makes his formal surrender to the American forces in Baguio, northern Philippines; within five months, Yamashita will be hanged at Los Banos, Laguna following an American military tribunal's findings that he has committed war crimes during World War II under the principle of command responsibility.

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