Sunday, June 3, 2012


1898 - Filipino troops take control of areas of Manila--Caloocan, Tondo, Santa Cruz, San Juan del Monte, Santolan as their counterparts in Zapote, Cavite province numbering only about 500 drive back the 3,500-strong enemy Spanish forces, while Spaniards in Calamba, Laguna surrender to Gen. Paciano Rizal following three days of fighting during the second phase of the Philippine Revolution against Spain; Gen. Emilio F. Aguinaldo-- who had earlier forged a truce with the enemy Spaniards within a few months after seizing revolutionary leadership from, and eliminating the Supremo of the underground-society-turned-revolutionary-government Kataastaasang Kagalanggalangang Katipunan nang manga  Anak nang Bayan,  President Andres Bonifacio y de Castro--returned two weeks earlier from self-exile to resume the Himagsikan apparently after being convinced by imperialist United States Admiral George Dewey; Aguinaldo has formed an alliance with Dewey who has deceptively assured him believe that the Bald Eagle nation is a friend and ally of the Philippines and will honor its independence from Spain; in nine days' time, the Southeast Asian archipelago will declare its Independence but eight months later, the U.S. will begin its formal invasion of the fledgling Republic after instigating hostilities to trigger what would turn out to be the bloody and protracted Philippine-American War (1899-1914).

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