Sunday, June 17, 2012


Hen. Manuel Tinio y Bundok
1877 - Birth of Manuel Tinio y Bundoc, the youngest Filipino general in the Philippine Revolution against Spain and the Philippine-American War  (1899-1914) ; Tinio will join the secret-society-turned-revolutionary-government Kataastaasang Kagalanggalangang Katipunan nang manga Anak nang Bayan under the group of Gen. Mariano Llanera in 1896 soon after studying at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran; he would prove to be a rather effective military leader, launching a number of successful attacks and  battles or skirmishes against the Spaniards; Tinio would be named a Brigadier General upon the establishment of the "Gobierno Departamental de las Siete Provincias en el Centro de Luzon" and would join the revolutionary leaders agreeable to the late 1897 Pact of Biak-na-Bato that forged a truce with the enemy Spaniards; during the second phase of the Philippine Revolution, he will eventually assume the second-in-command position over the first zone of Nueva Ecija Tinio, being able to seize, along with Col. Tecson, some 1,050 rifles and 500,000 cartridges from the Spanish Garrison in San Isidro; during the Fil-Am War,  Brig. Gen. Tinio will figure in the effective guerrilla ambush tactic against the imperialist American invaders in the roads and strategic locations in the Ilokos region, which he will appraise as follows:
I have endeavored to propagate and implant here the society of the Katipunan which has produced surprising results. I have prepared the spirit of the inhabitants so that aside from inculcating in them the fecund germ of the high ideals of liberty, they have come to show implacable hatred towards the invader, passion which some citizens, armed with only bolos have manifested to the Americans who dared to travel from their detachment.”

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