1864 - Father Apolonio Burgos y Garcia publishes during the Spanish colonial period a superb defense of native Catholic priests in the Philippines, his Manifesto to the Noble Spanish People Which the Loyal Filipinos Address in Defense of their Honor and Loyalty; therein,
the native priest deplores the racist assertions by white writers with
inflated sense of their racial stock, alleging that their pale-skinned
race is superior over the colored ones; Burgos also bewails the racial indignities
the colonial Spanish authorities subject the natives of the Southeast
Asian archipelago to; the Filipino priest Burgos will later be executed,
along with fellow clergymen Mariano Gómez and Jacinto Zamora who have
been peacefully fighting for equal rights of native priests vis-a-vis Spanish friars, during the infamous execution of the GOMBURZA triumvirate in February 1872 based on false charges of subversion and practically without any defense in connection with the trial for the Cavite Mutiny.