Tuesday, June 19, 2012


1861 - Jose Rizal (José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda), one of the two future implied national heroes of the Philippine Republic, is born as the  seventh child of Francisco Mercado and Teodora Alonzo in Calamba in Laguna province  during the Spanish colonial rule  in the Southeast Asian archipelago; along with Marcelo H. del Pilar and Graciano Lopez Jaena,  he will form the great triumvirate of the reformist Propaganda movement that  will aim to awaken Spain as to the needs of its colony, the Philippines, and to make for a closer and more equal association of the archipelago and  supposed motherland, Spain; Rizal's patriotic writings, particularly the Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo, will  significantly inspire the other national hero, Andres Bonifacio y de  Castro, into organizing in 1892 the nationalistic secret society aiming for complete separation from colonial Spain, the  Kataastaasang, Kagalanggalangang Katipunan nang manga Anak nang Bayan  (KKK) that would transform into a revolutionary government  in 1896;  Rizal would be arrested, tried, and found guilty by a Spanish kangaroo court martial (and subsequently executed) on charges of sedition, rebellion, and conspiracy in connection with the Philippine Revolution;  following the discovery of the Katipunan, Supreme President Bonifacio will seek  Rizal's advice with regards the launching of Himagsikan, which the latter will later disown and condemn in his belief that the Filipino revolutionaries should first be fully armed and prepared before taking on the Spaniards.

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