Friday, May 6, 2011

May 6

Supremo Andres Bonifacio &; brother Procopio
Photo art: JB

1897 - Andres Bonifacio y de Castro, co-founder and Supreme President of the secret-society-turned-revolutionary-government Kataastaasang Kagalanggalangang Katipunan nang manga Anak nang Bayan during Philippine Revolution against Spanish colonial rule, along with his brother Procopio, is declared "guilty"of trumped-up charges by the seditious group of Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy, to be punished by being shot to death; Aguinaldo, whose Magdalo camp earlier held the fraudulent and scandalous Tejeros Convention and subsequently took his oath of office as "President" under surreptitious circumstances (and without informing Bonifacio who won as Interior Secretary) in the bid to hide their activity from the rival Magdiwang faction, earlier engineered the power grab against the Supremo, subsequently ordering his capture and court martial regarded as a 'kangaroo court' trial, with appointed defense lawyer, Placido Martinez, also being a judge and condemning, instead of defending, the Supremo; Bonifacio, who was shot at, and almost killed by stabbing only a week earlier during was seditiously charged with contriving to supposedly overthrow the newly formed revolutionary government of Aguinaldo formed on the basis of the Tejeros Convention but which was nullified by the Supremo and 40 other Katipuneros through the Acta de Tejeros; the day before, Bonifacio testified that he did not know of the existence of any other revolutionary government (other than the Katipunan) because Aguinaldo was not validly elected, as partly based on the statement of Artemio Ricarte and that he was unaware if any oath-taking has taken place; Council of War members who sign the decision, for forwarding to Aguinaldo, are Mariano Noriel, the Council President, Tomas Mascardo, and Esteban Ynfante, attested to by Council Secretary Lazaro Makapagal; Apolinario Mabini y Maranan, future Prime Minister of Aguinaldo's government, will later castigate the decision and subsequent execution of the Supremo, saying that Aguinaldo is "primarily answerable for insubordination against the head of the Katipunan [Bonifacio] of which he was a member." 

Japanese PM Hidezi Tozyo (WW II)
1943 - Japan's Premier General Hideki Tozyo makes a personal visit to Manila during the Japanese Occupation in World War II, being presented with the Resolution of Gratitude of the Filipino people's supposed appreciation for the "tangible and positive progress toward national unity, spiritual rejuvenation, and economic rehabilitation" helped wrought by the Japanese Military Administration in building a New Philippines; the resolution presented in Luneta, Manila, was graced by the speeches of Philippine Executive Commission Chairman Jorge B. Vargas and Commissioner of the Interior Jose P. Laurel (who would later serve as President during the Japanese-sponsored Republic); Japan had invaded the Philippines, which has been a colony of the imperialist Unites States for some four (4) decades, during their so-called December 1941-May 1942 Philippine Campaign, with the  numerically superior defenders able to hold out for months but still succumbing to the Japanese might as part of the Pacific theater of the Second World War.

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