Republican state with a powerful executive branch, the President to be elected by the National Assembly from among themselves, and subordinate legislative and judicial branches and requiring for, among others, the development of Tagalog as the national language; drafted by the Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence (PCPI) headed by Jose P. Laurel in a manner conforming with the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere, the 1943 Charter will not be recognized by the American colonial Commonwealth government in-exile during World War II.
- As part of the infamous Mock Battle of Manila wherein the imperialist-in-the-making
that would falsely make it appear that the Americans, instead of the
Filipino revolutionaries, are responsible for defeating the Spanish colonial forces in the
Southeast Asian archipelago and the capital, Admiral Dewey and General Merritt, through the British
Vice Consul, H.A. Ramsden, supposedly issue a joint ultimatum to the Spanish
authorities stating that “the land and naval forces of the United States would commence operations against the defenses of Manila at any time
after the expiration of the forty-eight hours from the hour of receipt
by you of this communication.” They ask the Spanish Captain-General to
remove non-combatants from the City of Manila before the Americans start
bombarding the City.
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