Friday, August 20, 2010


1896 - A day after the discovery of the Philippine revolutionary movement Katipunan by Spanish colonial authorities, Pio Valenzuela follows the group of Supremo Andres Bonifacio y de Castro, leader of the nationalist society aiming to break the yoke of colonial domination,the Kagalanggalangang Katipunan nang  manga Anak nang  Bayan (KKK), to Balintawak for an important meeting; Agustin de la Rosa, one of the early officers of La Liga Filipina, along with fellow masons are arrested by the  Guardia Civil Veterana as the lodge founded by the former is discovered; Bonifacio and the Katipuneros will soon transform the KKK into a revolutionary government and in just over a week, the Philippine Revolution will break out. 

1898 - In line with its scheme of invading the Philippines, the imperialist American  government succeeds in its typical divide-and-rule tactic when Gen. John C. Bates forges a formal agreement with Sulu's Sultan Jamalul Kiram II, wherein the sultanate is to be considered a United States protectorate and friendly relations are supposed to be maintained between the two parties; in contrast, American officials have conned Filipino revolutionary leader Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy into cooperating in the war against Spain, verbally assuring him of  US sympathy with the independentist cause of the Filipinos, but with American President William McKinley actually scheming to invade the fledgling Southeast Asian Republic and eventually secretly orchestrating the outbreak of the Filipino-American War (1899-1914)


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