Sunday, August 7, 2011


1943 - The 1943 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines during the Japanese Occupation is drafted, creating a Republican state with a powerful executive branch, the President to be elected by the National Assembly from among themselves, and subordinate legislative and judicial branches and requiring for, among others,  the development of Tagalog as the national language; drafted by the Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence (PCPI) headed by Jose P. Laurel in a manner conforming with the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere, the 1943 Charter will not be recognized by the American colonial Commonwealth government in-exile during World War II.

1898 - As part of, or leading to, the  infamous Mock Battle of Manila six days later wherein the imperialist-in-the-making Bald Eagle nation that would falsely make it appear that the Americans, instead of the Filipino revolutionaries, are responsible for defeating the Spanish colonial forces in the Southeast Asian archipelago and the capital, Admiral Dewey and General Merritt, through the British Vice Consul, H.A. Ramsden, supposedly issue a joint ultimatum to the Spanish authorities stating that “the land and naval forces of the United States would commence operations against the defenses of Manila at any time after the expiration of the forty-eight hours from the hour of receipt by you of this communication;” while the American generals ask the Spanish Captain-General to remove non-combatants from Manila before the Americans start bombarding Manila, the two colonial forces will sign the Peace Protocol to halt Spanish-American War hostilities and  'authorizing' the Bald Eagle nation to occupy and hold the city, bay, and harbor of Manila pending the conclusion of a treaty set to  define the control, disposition, and government of the Philippines on August 12, a day before the staged Mock Battle;  Dewey had some three or four months earlier forged an alliance with Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy, the leader of the second phase of the Philippine Revolution against Spain; with the deceptive promises of Dewey and other military and diplomatic American officials as to honoring Philippine independence, Aguinaldo would even stupidly allow the free entry of GI's into the archipelago, allowing the Bald Eagle forces to position for what would be  the eventual invasion  of the archipelago, triggering the bloody and protracted Philippine-American War (1899-1914).

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