|Colonial Spain & Imperialist United States sign|
the Protocol of Peace in Washington
1898 - A day before the infamous Mock Battle of Manila, Filipinos' rightful and moral aspirations for sovereignty is doomed with the signing of the Peace Protocol between colonial Spain and emerging imperialist power, the United States, in Washington; the agreement halts further hostilities between the two powers that clashed in the Spanish-American War, largely setting the terms for the formal peace Treaty of Paris that was to be signed two months later which will stipulate, among others, Spain's 'ceding' of the Philippines in exchange for $20 million--this, despite the fact that the Filipinos has already declared independence from Spain after gaining control of most of the archipelago, and with the shoddy Americans accepting and utilizing the services of the Filipinos in helping overcome the Spaniards during their war; the Mock Battle of Manila will falsely show to the world that the Americans, instead of the Filipino revolutionaries, defeated the colonial Spaniards in the Southeast Asian archipelago; the Spanish-American War roughly intersected with the second phase of the Phlippine Revolution against Spain, with Bald Eagle Admiral George Dewey forging an "alliance" with Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy, with Dewey and other military and diplomatic officials deceptively promising that the U.S. is an ally and/or will honor Filipino independence; the Bald Eagle soldiers have been able to position themselves for what would be the Mock Battle in Manila when the conned Aguinaldo stupidly allowed the free entry of the G.I.'s, apparently on request of Gen. Thomas M. Anderson some five weeks earlier.
Photo credit: http://americanhistory.si.edu/militaryhistory/exhibition/zoomify.asp?id=2242&type=g&width=640&height=480&hideAlt=1