Friday, August 26, 2011


1898 - Filipino revolutionary leader Andres Bonifacio y de Castro unfurls the flag of the Kataastaasang, Kagalanggalangang Katipunan nang  manga Anak nang Bayan (KKK) in Balintawak, a day after he led the Katipuneros in repelling the colonial Spanish forces during the first encounter of the Philippine Revolution; what should be the glorious unfolding of the revolutionary Katipunan government flag takes place two days after the National Assembly transformed the KKK into a national government with democratically elected officials, and with the revolutionary army--formed from  "lodges [transformed] into battalions, his grandmasters into captains" leading the nation in the fight for independence against colonial Spain; the Katipunan a week earlier was an underground movement aiming to unite the country and gain independence from Spain by means of a revolution until its existence was discovered/confirmed by the colonial authorities through a friar who broke his vow of (confessional) silence.

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