Tuesday, August 2, 2011


Gen. Isidoro Torres

1900 - Gen. Isidoro Torres, the politico-military chief of Bulacan province, receives from Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy, President of the Philippine Republic on the run during the  Filipino-American War (1899-1914), a letter instructing him to adopt effective counter-measures against the imperialist American soldiers who make alluring offers to tempt the native soldiers to abandon the fight for the sovereignty of their motherland; during the inauguration of the Philippine Republic on January 23, 1899, Torres led a 6,000-strong army that marched in the historic parade, which occurred just under two weeks before the imperialist American nation began its invasion of the Southeast Asian archipelago; earlier in the summer of 1897 during the second phase of the Philippine Revolution, with the United States rather concurrently fighting a war against Spain,  American Admiral George Dewey forged an "alliance"  with Aguinaldo; such 'alliance,' however, would turn out to be a sinister deceptive ploy of the Bald Eagle nation that would soon renege on its military leaders' promises of honoring Philippine Independence, and even staging the infamous Mock Battle of Manila that would falsely make it appear that the Americans, instead of the Filipino revolutionaries, defeated the Spanish colonial forces in the Southeast Asian archipelago and the capital, Manila, as prelude to the baseless December 1898 Treaty of Paris where by that time,  the virtually expelled Spaniards will supposedly "cede" the Philippines to imperialist America.

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