Saturday, July 2, 2011


Jacob G. Schurman
1st Civilian Imperialist US Representative

1899 - Apolinario Mabini y Maranan, Foreign Affairs Minister of the fledgling Philippine Republic,  writes to his friends, including Isidro de los Santos, deploring the killing of Gen. Antonio  Luna y Novicio (who was assassinated less than a month ago on apparent orders of President Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy ) and also stating how  the thermal baths at Balungaw have hardly improved his health;  five months into the bloody and protracted Filipino-American War (1899-1914); imperialist  representative Jacob G. Schurman of the Philippine Commission [translation: United  States colonial body commission to help colonize the Philippines] returns to Manila from a  three-week tour in the southern islands and expresses the impression is that while "the  intelligent and substantial citizens" desire an American protectorate, as the masses are  awaiting the settlement of the ongoing Fil-Am War in Luzon before making any  commitment.


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