Sunday, July 17, 2011


Early Chinese Rice Trader in the Philippines

1755 - Pedro Manuel de Arandia y Santestaban, governor and captain-general of colonial Philippines for the Spanish crown, reports that all non-Christian Chinese have been expelled, to be readmitted in the future only on account of trading purposes; 76 years earlier, Spanish governor for the Southeast Asian colony, Juan de Vargas, issued a royal cedula compelling all local unmarried Chinese, whether Catholic Christians or unbaptized, to live at the Parian while the married ones were to remain in Binondo, Manila; the commercial vacuum left by the expelled non-Christianized Chinese would be momentarily filled in by British traders, with the said trading interest serving to contribute to England's future colonization plans on Manila.

Photo credit:

No comments: