1844 - Narciso Claveria y Zaldua becomes governor-general of the Philippines
during the Spanish colonial rule; his administration will be
responsible for correcting the Philippine calendar; establishing the
Sociedad de Recreo (Recreation Association); the founding of papers
such as Diario de Manila and La Esperanza; constructing a military
library; the purchase of the first steam war-vessel for the Southeast
Asian colony; and issuing a decree obligating the natives to adopt
Spanish surnames from a catalogue (Catalogo de Apellidos) for the purpose of easier taxation and identification, exempting only pre-Spanish royalty and Chinese with pre-existing surnames; Claveria would also be responsible for granting Jose Oranguyen, Spanish lawyer-turned-businessman-then-(Tondo)judge-and-explorer, the permit to colonize Davao--a 'mini-conquista'--eventually leading to the area being constituted as a province (Nueva Guipizcoa) with Nueva Bergara (future Davao City) as capital; the 62nd Spanish colonial governor in the Philippines would also be responsible for the conquest of the Sulu island of Balanguingui some four years into his term, overcoming the Moros for which he would be accorded the titles viscount of claveria and count of Mnaila along with the cross of San Fernando.