1564 - The Spanish colonial Legazpi-Urdaneta expedition bound for
the Philippine Islands sails from Navidad, Mexico with the primary aim
of discovering a new route to the Islands of the West; some four decades
earlier, explorer Ferdinand Magellan, who would be slain by early
native freedom fighter and Mactan chieftain Lapu-Lapu,"discovered"
the Philippines for the King of Spain, King Philip II; the
Legazpi-Urdaneta expedition will attempt to establish settlements in the
Southeast Asian archipelago but will be met by defiant resistance by Filipino natives.