|The Nakpils lived in this old Nakpil-Bautista house|
1865 - Francisco Nakpil y Garcia, future Filipino reformist and brother of future revolutionary, musician and composer Julio, is born during the Spanish colonial period; Francisco will become an expert silversmith like all of his three brothers and in 1863, will join the reorganized La Liga Filipina, a bolder reformist civic society aiming to unite the archipelago in one strong body for the mutual protection of Filipinos; despite the dissolution of the La Liga in the same year with the formation of the more radical by the group of Andres Bonifacio, Julio's friend, Francisco will instead help form the more less radical faction, the Cuerpo de Compromisarios, that will continue supporting the Propaganda Movement in Spain; with the discovery of the Katipunan in 1896 and the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution, Francisco will be arrested by the Spaniards and incarcerated at the barracks to the Veteran Guards; a consistent conservative, Francisco Nakpil will become an early collaborator of the imperialist Americans, becoming a member of the arrangement committee organized by Pedro Paterno in July 1900 even as the bloody and protracted Philippine-American War (1899-1914) will continue to rage on.
1897 - Prominent Filipino deportees in Hong Kong, Jose Ma. Basa, A.G. Medina, and Doroteo Cortes, prepare a manifesto exposing the grievances of the Filipinos against the Spanish colonial government, and submit petitions for the armed intercession of Germany, United States, United Kingdom, and France; led by Cortes, the group and other Filipino exiles have supposedly been acting on behalf of the nationalist movement in the Philippines, soliciting funds mostly used to negotiate with Japan for political, military and financial assistance in anticipation of the outbreak of Revolution against Spain; as revealed by colonial Spanish investigations, "The plan was that while Andres Bonifacio [Katipunan Supremo] was busy recruiting people for the general uprising, Doroteo Cortes should carry on the necessary negotiations with Japan."
Photo art: Jesusa Bernardo
Raw photo credit: http://bahaynakpil.org/index.php/virtual-gallery-i-photos-taken-by-boldy-tapales/