Sunday, February 12, 2012


1901 -  Former Filipino Prime Minister Apolinario Mabini y Maranan, Gen. Artemio Ricarte and other defiant revolutionary leaders who have been deported by the imperialist United States invaders begin their exile in Guam; refusing to swear fealty to the enemy Americans, they form part of the handful of proud survivors of the revolutionaries of the Philippine Revolution (Himagsikan) against the Spanish colonial government and  the freedom-fighters who have battled the invading Bald Eagle forces during the Filipino-American War (1899-1914); Mabini, et al. stand out against the not so few officials of the Philippine Republic who have given up the cause of independence for their native country, with some collaborating early on with the new foreign invaders.

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