1943 - Future Filipino revolutionary, labor leader and writer Hermenegildo Cruz
is born to a poor family in Binondo, Manila during the Spanish
colonial times; he would serve as second lieutenant to Gen. Antonio Luna
during the Philippine Revolution, and later as pressman at the
general's printing shop that would publish the fledgling Philippine
Republic's official organ, the "La Independencia";
Cruz would lose his job after organizing a labor union at Luna's
printing press, but later in Manila, he would organize the Southeast
Asian country's first labor union, the Union Obrera Democratica de Filipinas; Cruz would also head a committee to draft labor bills for the colonial Philippine Assembly in 1907, midway into the protracted Filipino-American War (1899-1914),
before eventually becoming the director of the Bureau of Labor in 1924;
Cruz would also be known for his authorship of "Kartilyang Makabayan,"
the first biographical work on Katipunan Supremo Andres Bonifacio, and
of "Kung Sino ang Kumatha ng Florante."
Henry Otley Beyer
1966 - Henry Otley Beyer, dubbed the "Father" or "Dean" or "Pioneer" of Philippine Anthropology," dies at the old age of 73; born of Bavarian ancestry, Beyer was an American holder of a master's degree in chemistry who volunteered to teach in
the then-colony of the imperialist United States, the Philippines, in
1905; owing to his interest in the field of ethnology, he eventually
became an anthropologist and anthropologist who lived most of his life
in the Cordilleras and ultimately marrying an Ifugao, Lingngayo na'Gambu'; professor emeritus at
the University of the Philippines, Beyer authored "Population of the
Philippine Islands," "Philippine Ethnographic Series," "The Philippines
before Magellan," the multi-volume "Philippine Folklore, Customs, and
Beliefs" before eventually becoming synonymous with anthropology
beginning the mid-1920s when he co-authored "A History of the Orient"
(1926), "Philippine Customary Law" (1930) and the "Chinese, Siamese and
other Oriental Ceramic Ware in the Philippine Islands" (1930).