Tuesday, December 20, 2011


1879 - Delfina Herbosa y Rizal, future Filipina revolutionary and niece of patriot and polymath Jose Rizal, is born during the Spanish colonial times; Herbosa's family will suffer persecution from the colonial authorities because of her uncle's writings, primarily the Noli Me Tangere that will expose the abuses of the Spanish friars; she will join the women's chapter of the underground-society-turned-revolutionary-government Kagalanggalangang Katipunan nang  manga Anak nang  Bayan (KKK) where she will meet her future husband, Jose Salvador Natividad, both of whom will be involved together in various battles against the Spaniards; following the Pact of Biak-na-Bato truce, she and her husband will join the resulting  self-exile of revolutionary leaders in Hong Kong where Herbosa-Natividad will help Marcella Agoncillo sew the Philippine flag that will be unfurled on June 12, 1898 in Kawit, Cavite.

1896 - Filipino composer Jose Libornio y Sabas is appointed "Director General de las Bandas de Musicos del Ejercito" by the Supreme Government of Peru; disguising himself as a native of Cartagena, Spain, Libornio will become a hero in Peru after producing many different musical compositions that included the South American country's National Army March and a march dedicated to the Peruvian general; born to a teacher and embroideress in Sta. Ana, Manila during the Spanish colonial times, Libornio was given to and raised in a hospicio where he learned the flute after his father died; Libornio would later join the Colegio de Piples of the Manila Cathedral, study piano and violin, become a band member of the Spanish Infantry Regiment No. 7, and be a Charini Circus musician before sailing for Honolulu, the United States, Mexico, and finally in Peru in 1895.

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